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Avaliação da hernioplastia protética atensional no tratamento das hérnias inguinais Valuation of prosthetic tensionless inguinal hernioplasty in the treatment of inguinal hernias

By Victor Strassmann, Sérgio Santoro, Carlos Eduardo Malzoni, Manoel Carlos Prieto Velhote, Maurício Macedo and Irimar de Paula Posso

Abstract

Apresentam-se 76 pacientes operados devido a hérnias inguinais, com o uso rotineiro de telas de polipropilene colocadas sobre a fascia transversalis, em correção sem tensão, através de uma inguinotomia transversa pequena (média de 6cm). Doze pacientes foram operados bilateralmente, perfazendo 88 intervenções. Entre as intervenções, cinqüenta foram sobre hérnias inguinais indiretas (56,8%), 15 sobre hérnias associadas diretas e indiretas (17,1 %), e 23 sobre hérnias diretas (26,1%). Praticamente não houve queixas de dor à exceção da dor superficial. Não houve nenhum caso de infecção ou rejeição. Nenhum paciente referiu sentir a sua presença. Após dois dias, os pacientes foram liberados de qualquer tipo de restrição física ou esportiva. Não há qualquer evidência sugestiva de recidiva. Tempo médio de seguimento de trinta meses. Discute-se a técnica empregada. A HIPA é técnica fácil, rápida, de custo baixo, não exige anestesia geral nem materiais especiais, com baixos índices de recidiva e, por não implicar suturas sob tensão, permite restabelecimento pronto, com mínima dor e sem restrições físicas.<br>This is the inicial experience in Brazil with the routine use of prosthetic tensionless repair of common inguinal hernias. Before that many groups had been using prosthetic material in selected cases, mostly recurrences. Seventy six patients were operated on, 12 of them bilaterally so that there were 88 procedures over direct (26,1%), indirect (56,8%) and both direct and indirect hernias (17,1 %). The hernia sacs are reduced to the abdominal cavity and the abdominal wall is reinforced by the placement of a polipropilen mesh on the transversalis fascia. The technique is detailed described. Only minimal pain occurred in the postoperative period. There were no infeccion, no rejection, and until now (30 months of medium follow up), no signs of recurrences. Many aspects of the surgical treatment of inguinal hernias are discussed including results, feseability, risks and costs. It is concluded that prosthetic tensionless repair of inguinal hernias is easy, fast, safe and cheap. It does not require general anaesthesia neither complex material. It has excellent results and as it does not create tension sutures, it causes less pain and allows normal physical activity very soon. It suggests that, in common inguinal hernias, maybe we can spare the patient and community from the higher costs of laparoscopic surgery since we can obtain excellent results with an easier and cheaper method

Topics: Hérnia Inguinal, Prótese, Inguinal hernia, Surgical mesh, LCC:Surgery, LCC:RD1-811, LCC:Medicine, LCC:R, DOAJ:Surgery, DOAJ:Medicine (General), DOAJ:Health Sciences
Publisher: Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
Year: 1998
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S0100-69911998000300002
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:d8c452c03fbb488a9bc2360314c27b46
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