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Acute renal failure due to abdominal compartment syndrome: report on four cases and literature review Insuficiência renal aguda secundária à síndrome compartimental abdominal: relato de quatro casos e revisão da literatura

By Roberto de Cleva, Fabiano Pinheiro da Silva, Bruno Zilberstein and David J B Machado

Abstract

We report on 4 cases of abdominal compartment syndrome complicated by acute renal failure that were promptly reversed by different abdominal decompression methods. Case 1: A 57-year-old obese woman in the post-operative period after giant incisional hernia correction with an intra-abdominal pressure of 24 mm Hg. She was sedated and curarized, and the intra-abdominal pressure fell to 15 mm Hg. Case 2: A 73-year-old woman with acute inflammatory abdomen was undergoing exploratory laparotomy when a hypertensive pneumoperitoneum was noticed. During the surgery, enhancement of urinary output was observed. Case 3: An 18-year-old man who underwent hepatectomy and developed coagulopathy and hepatic bleeding that required abdominal packing, developed oliguria with a transvesical intra-abdominal pressure of 22 mm Hg. During reoperation, the compresses were removed with a prompt improvement in urinary flow. Case 4: A 46-year-old man with hepatic cirrhosis was admitted after incisional hernia repair with intra-abdominal pressure of 16 mm Hg. After paracentesis, the intra-abdominal pressure fell to 11 mm Hg.<br>Descrevemos quatro casos de síndrome compartimental abdominal complicadas por insuficiência renal aguda e prontamente revertidas por diferentes métodos de descompressão abdominal. Caso 1: paciente obesa de 57 anos no pós-operatório de correção de hérnia incisional gigante com pressão intra-abdominal de 24 mm Hg. Após sedação e curarização, a PIA caiu para 15 mm Hg. Caso 2: paciente de 73 anos com abdômem agudo inflamatório submetida à laparotomia exploradora quando foi diagnosticado pneumoperitôneo hipertensivo. Durante a cirurgia houve melhora da diurese. Caso 3: paciente de 18 anos submetido a hepactetomia apresentou coagulopatia e sangramento hepático necessitando tamponamento com compressas, evoluindo com oligúria e PIA de 22 mm Hg. Na reoperação, após remoção das compressas houve melhora importante do fluxo urinário. Caso 4: paciente de 46 anos com cirrose hepática foi admitido após correção de hérnia incisional com pressão intra-abdominal de 16 mm Hg. Após paracentese, a pressão intra-abdominal caiu para 11 mm Hg

Topics: Insuficiência renal aguda, Síndrome compartimental abdominal, Acute renal failure, Abdominal compartment syndrome, LCC:Medicine (General), LCC:R5-920, LCC:Medicine, LCC:R, DOAJ:Medicine (General), DOAJ:Health Sciences
Publisher: Faculdade de Medicina / Universidade de São Paulo - FM/USP
Year: 2001
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S0041-87812001000400006
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:7065ce9cd7044e899099081e71a16ab3
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