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Frequency of dermatophytes in the metropolitan area of Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil

By Adelina MEZZARI

Abstract

In order to evaluate the distribution of dermatophytes in Porto Alegre, the capital of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, they were isolated from the skin, hairs and nails samples and retrospectively analyzed from June 1981 to June 1995, in two different institutions in the city of Porto Alegre: (i) the Serviço de Micologia do Instituto de Pesquisas Biológicas Jandyr Maya Faillace, da Secretaria de Saúde e Meio Ambiente do Rio Grande do Sul which attends the low income population (low and middle classes) and, (ii) Laboratório Weinmann, a clinical pathology laboratory which attends predominantly the higher income population (middle and upper classes), both which attend in the metropolitan area of Porto Alegre. The dermatophyte predominance of Trichophyton rubrum was confirmed (55.33%) followed by T. mentagrophytes (21.46%). The data obtained were compared with the existing prevalence data which were collected in the interior of the state over a period of 32 years (1960-1992). T. verrucosum, T. simii, Microsporum persicolor, T. schöenleinii, M. nanum and M. cookei were isolated in the interior and have not been found in the capital so far. On the other side, T. violaceum was, isolated in the capital and has not been found in the interior so far.<br>A prevalência de dermatófitos na região metropolitana de Porto Alegre (RS), foi analisada de modo retrospectivo durante o período de junho de 1981 a junho de 1995. As espécies de dermatófitos foram isoladas de amostras de pele, pêlos e unhas, em duas instituições de Porto Alegre: Serviço de Micologia de Insituto de Pesquisas Biológicas Jandyr Maya Faillace, da Secretaria de Saúde e Meio Ambiente do Rio Grande do Sul, que atende predominantemente as classes sociais B e C e Laboratório Weinmann, que atende predominantemente as classes sociais A e B. Observou-se o predomínio do dermatófito Trichophyton rubrum (55.33%) seguido pelo Trichophyton mentagrophytes (21.46%). Os dados coletados foram comparados com a prevalência observada no interior do estado num período de 32 anos (1960-1992). Os fungos Trichophyton verrucosum, Trycophyton simii, Microsporum persicolor, Trichophyton schöenleinii, Microsporum nanum e Microsporum cookei isolados no interior do estado não foram observados na capital. Trichophyton violaceum, isolado na capital não foi encontrado no interior

Topics: Dermatophytes, Tineas, Distribution, Frequency, LCC:Medicine (General), LCC:R5-920, LCC:Medicine, LCC:R, DOAJ:Medicine (General), DOAJ:Health Sciences
Publisher: Instituto de Medicina Tropical
Year: 1998
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S0036-46651998000200002
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:e43e76fd7d754da68d4f980e612b1f5f
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