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Benign and malignant neoplasias in 261 necropsies for HIV-positive patients in the period of 1989 to 2008 Neoplasias benignas e malignas em 261 necropsias de pacientes HIV positivos no período de 1989 a 2008

By Adilha Rua Micheletti, Ana Carolina Sandoval Macedo, Gisele Barbosa e Silva, Ana Cristina Araújo Lemos da Silva, Mário Leon Silva-Vergara, Eddie Fernando Cândido Murta and Sheila Jorge Adad

Abstract

Considering that there are some studies with autopsies from AIDS describing only malignant neoplasias and that changes can occur after the introduction of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART), our objectives were to analyze the frequency of benign and malignant neoplasms in AIDS patients in the periods of both pre- and post-HAART. This is a retrospective study with 261 autopsies of HIV-positive patients between 1989 and 2008 in Uberaba, Brazil. Sixty-six neoplasms were found (39 benign, 21 malignant and six premalignant) in 58 patients. The most frequent malignant neoplasms were lymphoid, in 2.7% (four Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, one Hodgkin, one multiple myeloma and one plasmablastic plasmacytoma), and Kaposi's Sarcoma, in 2.3% (six cases). The most frequent benign neoplasms were hepatic hemangiomas in 11 (4.2%) of 261 cases and uterine leiomyoma in 11 (15.7%) of 70 woman. In the pre-HAART period eight (9.8%) benign neoplasias and four (4.9%) malignant occurred in 82 patients; in the post-HAART period, 29 (16.2%) benign and 17 (9.5%) malignant were present; however, the differences were not significant. We conclude that the introduction of HAART in our region doesn't look to have modified the frequency of neoplasms occurring in patients with HIV.<br>Tendo em vista que trabalhos sobre necropsias de AIDS analisam apenas neoplasias malignas e que ocorreram alterações após a terapia antiretroviral altamente eficaz (HAART), este estudo foi feito com objetivo de avaliar a frequência de neoplasias benignas e malignas nos períodos pré e pós-HAART. Estudo retrospectivo de 261 necropsias de HIV positivos entre 1989 e 2008 em Uberaba - Brasil. Foram encontradas 66 neoplasias (39 benignas, 21 malignas e seis lesões pré-invasivas) em 58 pacientes. As neoplasias malignas mais frequentes foram linfóides, em 2,7% (quatro linfomas não Hodgkin, um Hodgkin, um mieloma múltiplo e um plasmocitoma plasmoblástico) e, sarcoma de Kaposi, em 2,3% (seis casos). As benignas mais frequentes foram hemangiomas hepáticos em 11 (4,2%) dos 261 casos e leiomiomas uterinos em 11 (15,7%) das 70 mulheres. No período pré-HAART ocorreram oito (9,8%) neoplasias benignas e quatro (4,9%) malignas em 82 pacientes; no pós-HAART, 29 (16,2%) benignas e 17 (9,5%) malignas; entretanto, essas diferenças não foram estatisticamente significantes. Concluímos que a introdução da HAART em nossa região não parece ainda ter alterado a frequência de neoplasias em pacientes HIV

Topics: HIV, AIDS, Neoplasm benign, Neoplasm malignant, Necropsy, LCC:Medicine (General), LCC:R5-920, LCC:Medicine, LCC:R, DOAJ:Medicine (General), DOAJ:Health Sciences
Publisher: Instituto de Medicina Tropical
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S0036-46652011000600002
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:6545853469774c0c9390d0fbfee82c53
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