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Influência de fitorreguladores e nitrato de potássio na germinação de sementes e no crescimento de porta-enxerto de Citrus amblycarpa Influence of growth regulators and potassium nitrate on Citrus amblycarpa seed germination and growth of rootstocks

By S. Leonel, J.C. Modesto and J.D. Rodrigues

Abstract

Foram avaliados os efeitos de fitorreguladores (giberelinas e citocininas) e nitrato de potássio (KNO3), na germinação de sementes e na promoção do crescimento de "seedlings" do porta-enxerto 'Nasnaran' (Citrus amblycarpa Ochese). Realizou-se primeiramente o experimento em germinador, contendo papel de filtro umedecido com água destilada e gerbox, como meio para a germinação das sementes. Os tratamentos foram realizados mediante imersão das sementes, em soluções preparadas com os fítorreguladores e KNO3, durante 24 horas. Através dos resultados obtidos, concluiu-se que o tratamento com 100 mg/1 de GA4 + GA7 + fenilmetilaminopurina, apresentou a maior porcentagem de germinação (88%), num tempo médio de 21 dias. Tomando como base o resultado do germinador, sementes de Citrus amblycarpa foram semeadas em canteiros e quando as plantas atingiram a altura de 6,0 cm receberam 2 pulverizações com 0; 50; 100 e 150 mg/1 de GA4 + GA7 + fenilmetilami-nopurina, com intervalo de 21 dias. Avaliou-se a matéria seca total, caule e folhas, área foliar e altura das plantas, sendo que a análise desses parâmetros mostrou que o GA4 + GA7 + fenilmetUaminopurina na concentração de 50 mg/1 foi o tratamento que apresentou os melhores resultados.<br>The effects of growth regulators (gibberellins and cytokmins) and potassium nitrate were evaluated for Citrus amblycarpa seed germination and rootstock growth. First an experiment was performed in a germinator, using as a medium for seed germination filter paper wetted with distiled water. Seeds were treated with growth regulators and potassium nitrate during 24 hours. The results obtained indicate that the treatment of 100 mg/1 of GA4 + GA7 + phenylmethylaminepurine was the best, with a percentage of germination of 88% at 21 days. Based on the results obtained in the germinator, seeds of Citrus amblycarpa were seeded in soil and when the seedlings were 6 cm high they were sprayed with 50 mg/1 of GA4 + GA7 + phenylmethylaminepurine; 100 mg/1 of GA4 + GA7 + phenylmethylaminepurine and 150 mg/1 of GA4 + GA7 + phenylmethylaminepurine. Dry weights of leaves and stems, leaf area and height of plants were evaluated. The analysis of these parameters showed that the GA4 + GA7 + phenylmethylaminepurine at 50 mg/1 was the best treatment

Topics: sementes, giberelinas, citocininas, nitrato de potássio, germinação, crescimento, seeds, gibberellins, cytokmins, potassium nitrate, germination, growth, LCC:Agriculture (General), LCC:S1-972, LCC:Agriculture, LCC:S, DOAJ:Agriculture (General), DOAJ:Agriculture and Food Sciences
Publisher: São Paulo - Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz"
Year: 1994
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S0103-90161994000200009
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:6edd374a8d984170b48ff7b0a98b5a02
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