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Prevalencia de hipertensión arterial y factores asociados en la población rural marginada Prevalence and risk factors related to systemic arterial hypertension in a rural marginated population

By Jesús Fernando Guerrero-Romero and Martha Rodríguez-Morán

Abstract

Objetivo. Determinar la prevalencia y los factores asociados a la hipertensión arterial sistémica (HAS) en la población rural marginada de Durango, México. Material y métodos. Se realizó un estudio transversal comparativo en 627 comunidades rurales, de las que aproximadamente 90% tiene 250 o menos habitantes. Se determinaron las cifras de presión arterial y las variables sociodemográficas. Resultados. Se estudiaron 5 802 sujetos, es decir, 4 452 mujeres (76.7%) y 1 350 hombres (23.3%). Se identificó HAS en 1 271 individuos (21.9%; IC95% 20.8-23.0), de los cuales 1 011 eran mujeres (22.71%; IC95% 21.5-23.9), y 260, hombres (19.26%; IC95% 17.2-21.4). Del total de la población blanco, 3 018 personas (52.0%) viven en comunidades con menos de 250 habitantes, 2 080 (60.9%) mujeres y 938 (31.1%) hombres; en ésta se identificó HAS en 445 casos (14.74%; IC95% 13.5-16.0), de los cuales 326 son mujeres (15.7%; IC95% 14.1-17.3), y 119, hombres (12.7%; IC95% 10.6-14.9). Los principales factores de riesgo relacionados con la HAS fueron la obesidad, el diagnóstico de diabetes tipo 2 y el consumo de alcohol y tabaco. Conclusiones. Al parecer la prevalencia de HAS en la población rural marginada se relaciona con el grado de desarrollo de las comunidades.<br>Objective. To determine the prevalence and risk factors related to systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) in the rural marginated population of Durango, Mexico. Material and methods. A comparative cross-sectional study was performed in 627 rural communities, approximately 90% of which have 250 inhabitants or less. The arterial pressure and sociodemographic variables were determined. Results. A total of 5 802 subjects were studied, 4 452 women (76.7%) and 1 350 men (23.3%). SAH was found in 1 271 individuals (21.9%; CI 95% 20.8-23.0) of which 1 011 were women (22.71%; CI 95% 21.5-23.9) and 260 were men (19.26%; CI 95% 17.2-21.4). Of the target population, 3 018 individuals (52.0%) live in communities of less than 250 inhabitants, 2 080 (60.9%) women and 938 (31.1%) men. In this group, SAH was identified in 445 cases (14.74%; CI 95% 13.5-16.0) of which 326 are women (15.7%; CI 95% 14.1-17.3) and 119, men (12.7%; CI 95% 10.6-14.9). The main risk factors related to SAH were obesity, type 2 diabetes, alcohol and tobacco consumption. Conclusions. The prevalence of SAH in the rural marginated population is apparently related to the degree of development of the communities

Topics: hipertensión, factores de riesgo, población rural, población marginada, México, hypertension, risk factors, rural population, peripheric population, Mexico, LCC:Medicine (General), LCC:R5-920, LCC:Medicine, LCC:R, DOAJ:Medicine (General), DOAJ:Health Sciences
Publisher: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública
Year: 1998
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:f5c093b50e694a028701280272c1bc44
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