Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Factores de riesgo cardiovascular y de enfermedades crónicas en población Risk factors for cardiovascular and chronic diseases in a coffee-growing population

By Miguel A González, Rodolfo J Dennis, José H Devia, Darío Echeverri, Germán D Briceño, Fabián Gil, Alberto Jurado and Mauricio Mora

Abstract

ObjetivosEstimar la prevalencia de los factores de riesgo cardiovascular y de enfermedades crónicas en población caficultora colombiana. MétodosEstudio transversal, entre febrero y noviembre de 2007. Muestreo multietápico y por conglomerados, 55 veredas de 13 municipios, 2 516 encuestas. Cuestionarios recomendados por OPS, mediciones antropométricas y bioquímicas. Análisis descriptivos univariados y bivariados, IC95%, pruebas de significan-cia, comparación con estudios previos. ResultadosLa prevalencia de fumadores actuales fue 21,1 % (IC95%: 19,2-23,3), sedentarismo 31,2 % (IC95%: 27,8-32,6), personas que consumen al día menos de 5 porciones entre frutas y verduras 86,3 % (IC95%: 84,4-87,9), consumo eleva-do de alcohol 2,2 % (IC95%: 1,6-3,2), hipertensión arterial 26,2 % (IC95%: 23,9-28,6), diabetes 4,6 % (IC95%: 3,6-5,8), hiperlipidemia 62,1 % (IC95%: 59,5-64,7), sobrepeso y obesidad 42,9 % (IC95%: 40,4-45,5). El 85 % tenían al menos 2 o más factores de riesgo simultáneamente. Sedentarismo, diabetes, hiperlipidemia y sobrepeso/obesidad fue mayor en mujeres (p<0,001). Consumo de alcohol y taba-quismo fue mayor en hombres (p<0,001). Edad, estado civil, educación, ingresos y sistema de salud estuvieron relacionados con los factores de riesgo estudiados. ConclusionesSe aportan nuevos conocimientos a la escasa información disponi-ble en poblaciones rurales latinoamericanas. En comparación con el segundo es-tudio nacional de factores de riesgo de enfermedades crónicas (ENFREC II) no se encontraron avances importantes en disminución de la prevalencia de factores de riesgo. Se requieren estudios adicionales para profundizar en los determinantes sociales y de los sistemas de salud, que expliquen los hallazgos de este estudio.<br>ObjectivesEstimating the prevalence of cardiovascular and chronic disease risk factors in a Colombian coffee-growing population. MethodsThis cross-sectional study was carried out from February to November 2007. Multistage conglomerate sampling of 55 rural areas in 13 municipalities led to 516 people being surveyed. The questionnaires used were recommended by PAHO (anthropometric and biochemical measurements). The resulting data was subjected to univariate and bivariate descriptive analysis using 95 % CI, significan-ce tests and comparison with previous studies. ResultsThere was 21.1 % (19.2-23.3 95 %CI) current smoker prevalence, 31.2 % sedentarism (27.8-32.6 95 % CI), 86.3 % people consumed less than 5 portions of fruit and vegetables per day (84.4-87.9 95 % CI), 2.2 % had high alcohol con-sumption level (1.6-3.2 95 %CI), 26.2 % suffered from hypertension (23.9-28.6 95 % CI), 4.6 % diabetes (3.6-5.8 95 % CI), 62.1 % hyperlipidaemia (59.5-64.7 95 % CI) and 42.9 % (40.4-45.5 95 % CI) were overweight or obese. 85 % had at least 2 or more risk factors simultaneously. Sedentarism, diabetes, hyperlipidaemia and being overweight /obese was greater in females (p<0.001). Alcohol consumption and smoking were greater in males (p<0.001). Age, civil state, education, income and health system were related to the risk factors being studied. ConclusionsThe study provided fresh knowledge concerning the lack of available information regarding rural Latin-American populations. Compared to the second Colombian study of chronic disease risk factors (ENFREC II), no important ad-vances were found regarding a reduction of the prevalence of risk factors. Further studies are required for going deeper into social determinants and health systems explaining this study's findings

Topics: Factores de Riesgo, enfermedad crónica, enfermedades cardio-vasculares, epidemiología, prevalencia, población rural, Risk factor, chronic disease, cardiovascular disease, epidemiology, prevalence, rural population, LCC:Public aspects of medicine, LCC:RA1-1270, LCC:Medicine, LCC:R, DOAJ:Public Health, DOAJ:Health Sciences
Publisher: Instituto de Salud Publica, Facultad de Medicina - Universidad Nacional de Colombia
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:24c445ed92fb46b8a65943da623e4485
Journal:
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • http://doaj.org/search?source=... (external link)
  • Suggested articles


    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.