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En companía de los muertos: Ofrendas de animales en los cementerios de La Isla (Tilcara, Jujuy) In the company of the dead: Animal offerings at the cemeteries of La Isla, Tilcara, Jujuy

By Carlos R Belotti López de Medina

Abstract

Presentamos aquí la identificación de los conjuntos arqueofaunísticos recuperados por Debenedetti en tres entierros de la necrópolis El Morro, del sitio La Isla de Tilcara (Jujuy, Argentina). Hay un consenso notable en torno a la peculiaridad de este cementerio, caracterizado por inhumaciones simples o dobles acompanadas de numerosas ofrendas, algunas de ellas suntuarias. Nuestro trabajo se organizó en torno a dos objetivos. Primero, la identificación taxonómica y etaria de los hallazgos. Se caracterizaron: 1) un cráneo y mandíbula de perro hallados en la Tumba 6, con una edad estimada superior a los siete meses; 2) los restos faunísticos de la Tumba 11, entre ellos el esqueleto casi completo de un guacamayo adulto, en el rango de tamaño del Ara chloroptera. 3) una mandíbula de félido pequeno de la Tumba 10, con una edad estimada superior a los seis meses. En el informe de Debenedetti los dos primeros conjuntos se reportan como esqueletos completos, lo que permite identificarlos como sacrificios. Nuestro segundo objetivo fue formular algunas interpretaciones plausibles sobre el contenido de las tumbas y el lugar de los animales en los ritos mortuorios.<br>This paper presents an exhaustive analysis of the faunal remains recovered by Debenedetti from burials 6, 10 and 11 from El Morro cemetery at La Isla de Tilcara site, Jujuy, Argentina. There is a notable consensus about the importance of El Morro, since its burials contain no more than one or two individuals along with numerous offerings, some of them clearly sumptuary. In some of these tombs, among the diverse items, archaeofaunal remains were found that can be safely identified as sacrificed animals. The zooarchaeological analysis presented here was carried out on two of those offerings: the cranium and mandibles of a small to medium sized dog, estimated to be seven months old, found in Burial 6, and a faunal assemblage from Burial 11, among which an almost complete macaw skeleton was identified, similar in size to Ara chloroptera. The mandibles of a small felid, estimated to be over six months old, from Burial 10 were also identified. The main goal of the analysis was to produce relevant information about the taxonomy and age of death of these remains. With the results in mind, some plausible explanations about the place of animals in the funeral rites at Burials 6, 10, and 11 and hypothesis about the social role of the people buried there are offered

Topics: La Isla, Sacrificios de animales, Zooarqueología, La Isla, Animal offerings, Zooarchaeology, LCC:Anthropology, LCC:GN1-890, LCC:Geography. Anthropology. Recreation, LCC:G, DOAJ:Anthropology, DOAJ:Social Sciences
Publisher: Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Sociales
Year: 2012
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:bb1c59d71bfd44c48b6d356baaa0e977
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