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Comparación de adenosina deaminasa y detección de anticuerpos anti-antígeno A60 para el diagnóstico de meningitis tuberculosa A comparative study for adenosine deaminase and anti-antigen A-60 antibodies detection for the diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis

By Patricia García, Laura Bahamondes, Paula Reyes, Juan C Román, Haydé Poblete and M. Elvira Balcells

Abstract

Antecedentes: El diagnóstico de meningitis tuberculosa (MTBC) se ve limitado por la ausencia de técnicas diagnósticas rápidas y precisas en líquido cefalorraquídeo (LCR). En este estudio evaluamos la respuesta inmunoló-gica de anticuerpos anti-antígeno A60 de Mycobacterium tuberculosis en LCR en comparación a la determinación de adenosina deaminasa (ADA). Métodos: Un total de 63 muestras de LCR fueron estudiadas mediante ELISA indirecto para detección de IgG, IgM e IgA anti-A60. Estas muestras incluyeron 17 casos de MTBC confirmada y 46 controles con otras infecciones. Resultados: Los títulos de IgG, IgM e IgA anti A-60 resultaron significativamente superiores en casos de MTBC versus controles (p > 0,01). El anticuerpo con mej or poder discriminatorio resultó IgM, con un área bajo la curva ROC de 0,928 (95%IC 0,8340,978), comparado a 0,863 (95% IC: 0,752-0,936) para ADA (p = NS). La sensibilidad de IgM anti-A60 (nivel de corte > 0,06 U/ml) fue de 94,1% versus 88,2% para ADA (nivel de corte > 6,2 U/ml), p = NS. Ambos IgM anti-A60 y ADA presentaron la misma especificidad baja-moderada (80,4%). Dos casos de MMTBC fueron correctamente identificados por IgM anti-A60 pero no por ALDA. Conclusión: La detección de anticuerpos anti-A60 (IgM) puede ser de ayuda en el diagnostico de MTBC en forma complementaria a la determinación de ALDA. La baja especificidad de ambos tests constituye su principal limitante.<br>Background: Diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is hampered by the lack of rapid and accurate diagnostic tools. We evaluated the immunological response to Mycobacterium tuberculosis anti-A60 antibodies in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in comparison to adenosine deaminase (ADA) determination, for the diagnosis of TBM. Methods: A total of 63 CSF samples were analyzed by indirect ELISA for the detection of anti- A60 IgG, IgM and IgA. These include samples from 17 patients with confirmed TBM and 46 control patients with other infections. Results: The mean individual anti-A60 IgM, IgG and IgA CSF antibody titers were significantly higher in TBM in comparison with control groups (p < 0.01). The best discriminatory CSF antibody for confirming TBM diagnosis was IgM, with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.928 (95%CI 0.834-0.978), compared to 0.863 (95% CI: 0.752-0.936) for ADA testing (p = NS). The sensitivity of anti- A60 IgM CSF antibody titers (cutoff > 0.06 U/ml) was 94.1% compared to 88.2% for ADA (cutoff > 6.2 U/ml), p = NS. Both anti A60 IgM and ADA showed the same moderate specificity (80.4%). Two cases of TBM were correctly identified by anti-A60 IgM but missed by ADA. Conclusion: The ELISA test for anti-antigen A60 antibodies (IgM) is a rapid and sensitive tool for the rapid diagnosis of TBM that can be a complement to ALDA determination. The specificity of both tests is still a limitation in TBM diagnosis

Topics: Meningitis tuberculosa, tuberculosis, antígeno A-60, Tuberculous meningitis, tuberculosis, diagnosis, mycobacterial A 60 antigen, LCC:Infectious and parasitic diseases, LCC:RC109-216, LCC:Internal medicine, LCC:RC31-1245, LCC:Medicine, LCC:R, DOAJ:Internal medicine, DOAJ:Medicine (General), DOAJ:Health Sciences
Publisher: Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
Year: 2012
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:f558b4152cdc47e89b43626db36ef5ad
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