Self-assembly techniques can be used to produce periodic arrays of magnetic nanostructures. We have developed a double-template technique using electrochemical deposition. This method produces arrays of dots which are of spherical shape, as opposed to those prepared by standard lithographic techniques, which are usually cylindrical. By varying the amount of material that is deposited electrochemically, spheres of diameter d can be grown up to varying heights h<d. Thus different spherical shapes can be created ranging from shallow dots to almost complete spheres. Using micromagnetic modeling, we calculate numerically the magnetization reversal of the soft part spherical particles. The observed reversal mechanisms range from single domain reversal at small radii to vortex movement in shallow systems at larger radii and vortex core reversal, as observed in spheres at larger heights. We present a phase diagram of the reversal behavior as a function of radius and growth height. Additionally, we compare simulation results of hybrid finite element/boundary element and finite difference calculations for the same systems
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