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ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS FROM CO2 REDUCTION, DUE TO MODAL REPLACEMENT: CASE STUDY ON LIGHT RAIL VEHICLE IN BRASILIA CITY

By Paulo Costa, Leisy Teixeira, Janaína Pinheiro, Fabiana Arruda and Augusto Brasil

Abstract

[EN] This work aims to measure the reduction of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emissions in atmosphere by replacing the modal urban bus by Light Rail Vehicle (VLT). In order to accomplish this objective, a case study in Brasilia, Federal District, in the stretch of VLT which passes on Via W-3 South was conducted. The Theory of Externalities that discusses the right to ownership of private and public goods and responsibilities about the positive and negative externalities caused by the agents and individuals of society was used to support the analyses. It was used the Top-Down method, which allowed the calculation the direct emissions of CO2. The values obtained on the reduction of CO2 emissions were converted into values of carbon credits as a way to economically measure such reductions. The results showed a significant reduction in CO2 emissions per year and consequent environmental benefit.Costa, P.; Teixeira, L.; Pinheiro, J.; Arruda, F.; Brasil, A. (2016). ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS FROM CO2 REDUCTION, DUE TO MODAL REPLACEMENT: CASE STUDY ON LIGHT RAIL VEHICLE IN BRASILIA CITY. En XII Congreso de ingeniería del transporte. 7, 8 y 9 de Junio, Valencia (España). Editorial Universitat Politècnica de València. 497-501. https://doi.org/10.4995/CIT2016.2015.3480OCS49750

Topics: Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, Light rail vehicle (VLT), Top-down method
Publisher: 'Universitat Politecnica de Valencia'
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.4995/CIT2016.2015.3480
OAI identifier: oai:riunet.upv.es:10251/90363
Provided by: RiuNet
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