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Modeling adaptive forest management of a semi-arid Mediterranean Aleppo pine plantation

By MARÍA DEL CARMEN GONZÁLEZ-SANCHIS, Antonio Dámaso del Campo García, ANTONIO MOLINA HERRERA and Tarcisio J. G. Fernandes

Abstract

Adaptive forest management (AFM) aims to adapt a forest to water availability by means of an artificial regulation of the forest structure and density. Areas vulnerable to water scarcity situations, such as the Mediterranean region, might require AFM to optimize the hydrological cycle under normal and future global change conditions. This study uses the process based model (PBM) BIOME-BGC to predict the effects of AFM in an unmanaged semi-arid Mediterranean Aleppo pine plantation. At the same time, it seeking to increase the spatially explicit information to initialize the model runs. To this end, the model has been slightly modified, and canopy average specific leaf area and canopy water interception coefficient have both been introduced as functions of canopy coverage, which was obtained using airborne laser scanning (LiDAR) technology. The model was then calibrated and evaluated using sap flow, soil moisture and throughfall field data obtained during one year from three forest coverages (85, 73 and 26%, respectively). Calibration and evaluation of the model show acceptable accuracy, with the Nash Sutcliffe coefficient ranging between 0.39 and 0.76 for calibration and 0.35 and 0.75 for evaluation. The model was then applied to analyze and predict the need for forest management in a Mediterranean public forest indicated a possible optimization of the hydrological cycle to establish a new equilibrium between blue and green water. This new scenario reduced water interception and plant transpiration (green water), and increased water runoff and/or percolation (blue water).The authors want to thank the associate editor and the anonymous reviewers, not only for the attention they paid to our work, but also for the very precious suggestions they provided. This study is a component of three research projects: "CGL2011-28776-C02-02, HYDROSIL" and CGL2014-58127-C3-2, Silwamed, funded by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation and FEDER funds, and Determination of hydrologic and forest recovery factors in Mediterranean forests and their social perception, led by Dr. E. Rojas and supported by the Ministry of Environment, Rural and Marine Affairs. The authors are grateful to the Valencia Regional Government (CMAAUV, Generalitat Valenciana) and the VAERSA staff for their support in allowing the use of the La Hunde experimental forest and for their assistance in carrying out the fieldwork. The fourth author thanks the Mundus 17 Program, coordinated by the University of Porto-Portugal.González-Sanchis, MDC.; Campo García, ADD.; Molina Herrera, A.; Fernandes, TJG. (2015). Modeling adaptive forest management of a semi-arid Mediterranean Aleppo pine plantation. Ecological Modelling. 308(24):34-44. doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2015.04.002S34443082

Topics: Adaptive forest management, Hydrological cycle, Forest modeling, Water scarcity, Blue/green water balance, INGENIERIA HIDRAULICA, TECNOLOGIA DEL MEDIO AMBIENTE
Publisher: 'Elsevier BV'
Year: 2015
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2015.04.002
OAI identifier: oai:riunet.upv.es:10251/82870
Provided by: RiuNet
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