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After-body liner performance predictions on bypass exhaust fan noise with a simple 3/4 cowl geometry and coaxial mean flow

By L. De Mercato, B. Tester and A. Demir

Abstract

Aft fan noise is becoming a more dominant source as engine bypass ratio is increased and improved methods are required for its control. Bypass liners are especially effective in attenuating aft fan noise, but, in recent papers we introduced the idea of using acoustic linings on external parts of the aero-engine nacelle, such as the afterbody and plug nozzle. We showed that when the afterbody is acoustically lined, it can reduces the far field broadband sound power by up to 3 dB in the absence of flow, an experimental result which was confirmed with calculations using a commercially available CAA code. In this paper, we extend the previous computations to include the effects of a two-stream coaxial flow using the same CAA code but with a new 1D membrane element to represent the shear layers. The results, supported by two analytical models, confirm our expectations that the AL could also provide significant reductions in aft fan with flow. As anticipated the main flow effect is to refract the no-flow insertion loss to larger angles outside the cone of silence, with little or no benefits inside the cone of silence. However, it should be emphasised that although the results obtained so far are with a representative mean flow, the geometry is still idealized and these and other computations have to be validated with data from large-scale tests based on a fully realistic geometry and flow

Topics: TA
Year: 2008
DOI identifier: 10.2514/6.2008-2881
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.soton.ac.uk:57784
Provided by: e-Prints Soton
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