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Hydroxamate siderophores: occurrence and importance in the Atlantic Ocean

By Edward Mawji, Martha Gledhill, James A. Milton, Glen A. Tarran, Simon Ussher, Anu Thompson, George A. Wolff, Paul J. Worsfold and Eric P. Achterberg

Abstract

Siderophores are chelates produced by bacteria as part of a highly specific iron uptake mechanism. They are thought to be important in the bacterial acquisition of iron in seawater and to influence iron biogeochemistry in the ocean. We have identified and quantified two types of siderophores in seawater samples collected from the Atlantic Ocean. These siderophores were identified as hydroxamate siderophores, both ferrioxamine species representative of the more soluble marine siderophores characterized to date. Ferrioxamine G was widely distributed in surface waters throughout the Atlantic Ocean, while ferrioxamine E had a more varied distribution. Total concentrations of the two siderophores were between 3 and 20 pM in the euphotic zone. If these compounds are fully complexed in seawater, they represent approximately 0.2?4.6% of the <0.2 ?m iron pool. Our data confirm that siderophore-mediated iron acquisition is important for marine heterotrophic bacteria and indicate that siderophores play an important role in the oceanic biogeochemical cycling of iron

Topics: GC, QH301
Year: 2008
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.soton.ac.uk:63879
Provided by: e-Prints Soton
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