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Involvement of stress-activated protein kinase and p38/RK mitogen activated protein kinase signaling pathways in the enhanced phosphorylation of initiation factor 4E in NIH 3T3 cells

By Simon J Morley and Linda McKendrick


The initiation factor (eIF) 4E is regulated by modulating both the phosphorylation and the availability of the protein to participate in the initiation process. Here we show that either serum treatment or activation of the stress-activated protein kinase (JNK/SAPK) led to enhanced phosphorylation of eIF4E in quiescent NIH 3T3 cells. Although the immunosuppressant, rapamycin, was found to stabilize the association of eIF4E with its negative regulator, 4E-BP1, this drug did not prevent the early effects of serum stimulation on the overall rate of translation, polysome formation, the phosphorylation status of eIF4E, or the recruitment of eIF4E into the eIF4F complex. However, the rapid enhancement of eIF4E phosphorylation in response to serum was largely prevented by the inhibitor of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase activation, PD98059. Activation of the JNK/SAPK signaling pathway with anisomycin resulted in enhanced phosphorylation of eIF4E, which was prevented by either rapamycin or the highly specific p38 MAP kinase inhibitor, SB203580. These data illustrate that multiple signaling pathways, including those of distinct members of the MAP kinase family, mediate the phosphorylation of eIF4E and that the association of eIF4E with 4E-BP1 does not necessarily prevent phosphorylation of eIF4E in vivo

Publisher: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Year: 1997
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