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Zero Kinetic Energy Spectroscopy: Mass-Analyzed Threshold Ionization Spectra of Chromium Sandwich Complexes with Alkylbenzenes, (η6-RPh)2Cr (R = Me, Et, i-Pr, t-Bu)

By Sergey Y Ketkov, Heinrich L Selzle, F Geoffrey N Cloke, Gennady V Markin, Yury A Shevelev, Georgy A Domrachev and Edward W Schlag


For over 25 years zero kinetic energy (ZEKE) spectroscopy has yielded a rich foundation of high-resolution results of molecular ions. This was based on the discovery in the late 60's of long-lived ion states throughout the ionization continuum of molecular ions. Here, an example is chosen from another fundamental system pioneered at this university. The mass-analyzed threshold ionization (MATI) spectra of jet-cooled chromium bisarene complexes (eta(6)-RPh)(2)Cr (R = Me (1), Et (2), i-Pr (3), and t-Bu (4)) have been measured and interpreted on the basis of DFT calculations. The MATI spectra of complexes 1 and 2 appear to reveal features arising from ionizations of the isomers formed by the rotation of one arene ring relative to the other. The 1 and 2 MATI spectra show two intense peaks corresponding to the 0(0)(0) ionizations with inverse intensity ratios. As indicated by the DFT calculations, the intensity ratio change on going from 1 to 2 results from different isomers contributing to each MATI peak. The ionization energies corresponding to the 0(0)(0) peaks are 42746 +/- 5 and 42809 +/- 5 cm(-1) for compound 1 and 42379 +/- 5 and 42463 5 cm-1 for complex 2. The 1 and 2 spectra show also the weaker features representing transitions to the vibrationally excited cationic levels, the signals of individual rotamers being detected and assigned on the basis of calculated vibrational frequencies. The MATI spectra of compounds 3 and 4 reveal only one strong peak because of close ionization potentials of the isomers contributing to the MATI signal. The 3 and 4 ionization energies are 42104 +/- 5 and 41917 +/- 5 cm(-1), respectively. The precise values of ionization energies obtained from the MATI spectra reveal a nonlinear dependence of the IE on the number of Me groups in the alkyl substituents of (eta(6)-RPh)(2)Cr. This can be explained by an increase in the molecular zero point energies on methylation of the substituents

Publisher: American Chemical Society
Year: 2010
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