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JAK2-V617F mutation in patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms: Association with FLT3-ITD mutation

By Čolović Milica, Kostić Tatjana, Pavlović Sonja, Spasovski Vesna and Tošić Nataša


Introduction. An acquired somatic mutation V617F in Janus kinase 2 gene (JAK2) is the cause of uncontrolled proliferation in patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms. It is known that uncontrolled myeloid cell proliferation is also provoked by alteration in other genes, e.g. mutations in receptor tyrosine kinase FLT3 gene. FLT3 represents the most frequently mutated gene in acute myeloid leukaemia. Interestingly, mutated FLT3- ITD (internal tandem duplication) protein is a member of the same signalling pathway as JAK2 protein, the STAT5 signalling pathway. STAT5 activation is recognized as important for selfrenewal of haematopoetic stem cells. Objective. The aim of this study was the detection of JAK2- V617F mutation in patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms. Additionally, we investigated the presence of FLT3-ITD mutation in JAK2-V617F-positive patients in order to shed the light on the hypothesis of a similar role of these two molecular markers in haematological malignancies. Methods. Using allele-specific PCR, 61 patients with known or suspected diagnosis of myeloproliferative neoplasms were tested for the presence of JAK2-V617F mutation. Samples that were positive for JAK2 mutation were subsequently tested for the presence of FLT3-ITD mutation by PCR. Results. Eighteen of 61 analysed patients were positive for JAK2-V617F mutation. Among them, 8/18 samples were diagnosed as polycythaemia vera, and 10/18 as essential thrombocythaemia. None of JAK2-V617F-positive patient was positive for FLT3-ITD mutation. Conclusion. This study suggests that one activating mutation is sufficient for aberrant cell proliferation leading to malignant transformation of haematopoetic stem cell

Topics: myeloproliferative neoplasms, JAK2-V617F mutation, allele-specific PCR, FLT3-ITD mutation, Medicine, R
Publisher: Serbian Medical Society
Year: 2010
DOI identifier: 10.2298/SARH1010614S
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