Incisiones mínimas para mastoplastias reductoras

Abstract

Se realiza un estudio descriptivo y longitudinal, que abarcó el segundo semestre de 1999 y primer semestre del 2000, donde el universo estuvo formado por un total de 100 pacientes que recibieron tratamiento quirúrgico (mastoplastias reductoras) al presentar diferentes grados de deformidad del volumen mamario, previa evaluación preoperatoria en consulta de Cirugía Plástica y en atención a los criterios de operabilidad, para lo cual fueron intervenidas quirúrgicamente en el Hospital Provincial Clinicoquirúrgico Docente «Celia Sánchez Manduley», de Manzanillo. Se analizaron las diferentes variables que se debían estudiar mediante la revisión de las historias clínicas e informes operatorios, donde se realizó el cierre en J ó en L, en este tipo de técnica quirúrgica empleada. Se concluye que los diferentes grados de hipertrofia mamaria y/o ptosis mamaria producen alteraciones funcionales y psicológicas importantes en las pacientes estudiadas. El posoperatorio fue satisfactorio en las pacientes tratadas con el método de incisiones cortas, el cual puede ser aplicado en pacientes con gigantomastias y en las diferentes técnicas de mastoplastias reductoras conocidas<br>A descriptive and longitudinal study that included a total of 100 patients who underwent surgical treatment (reduction mastoplasties) for presenting different degrees of deformity of the breast volume, previous preoperative evaluation at the Plastic Surgery Consulting Room and according to the operability criteria, was conducted from the second semester of 1999 to the first semester of 2000. They were operated on at "Celia Sánchez Manduley" Provincial Clinical and Surgical Teaching Hospital, in Manazanillo. The different variables that should be studied were analyzed by reviewing the medical histories and the surgical reports. J or L closure was performed in this type of surgical technique used. It was concluded that the different degrees of breast hypertrophy and/or breast ptosis produce important functional and psychological alterations in the studied patients. The postoperative was satisfactory among those patients treated with the small incision method, which may be applied to patients with gigantomasties and in the diverse known techniques of reduction mastoplatie

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This paper was published in Directory of Open Access Journals.

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