oaioai:doaj.org/article:2a4d63d14eef4fdca2aea645a7908da7

Avaliação da linguagem oral e escrita em sujeitos com Síndrome de Asperger Language assessment in subjects with Asperger Syndrome

Abstract

OBJETIVO: avaliar e caracterizar provas fonoaudiológicas de linguagem oral e escrita de sujeitos com Síndrome de Asperger comparativamente a um grupo de sujeitos com desenvolvimento típico. MÉTODOS: avaliou-se 44 sujeitos que constituíram dois grupos: o grupo Asperger, composto por 22 sujeitos diagnosticados por equipe multidisciplinar como portadores de Síndrome de Asperger, conforme os critérios do DSM-IV; e o grupo de comparação, denominado grupo de baixo risco para alterações do desenvolvimento, também com 22 participantes, pareados com os sujeitos do grupo Asperger segundo a idade cronológica. Todos os sujeitos eram do sexo masculino, com idade cronológica entre 10 e 30 anos e quociente intelectual maior ou igual a 68 e foram submetidos à Prova de Consciência Fonológica, Teste de Vocabulário por Imagem Peabody, Prova de Leitura de Palavras e Pseudopalavras, Prova de Compreensão de Leitura, Prova de Escrita sob Ditado de Palavras e Pseudopalavras, Prova de Escrita Semidirigida de Textos. RESULTADOS: a análise estatística revelou diferenças estaticamente significantes entre as medianas da prova de consciência fonológica e entre as médias do teste de vocabulário por imagem Peabody e prova de compreensão de leitura nos dois grupos estudados (pPURPOSE: to evaluate and characterize the oral and written language of subjects with Asperger Syndrome and compare them with a group of subjects with typical development. METHODS: a total of 44 subjects were assessed and divided in two groups. The Asperger group was composed by 22 subjects diagnosed with Asperger Syndrome by an expert clinical team following the DSM-IV criteria. The comparison group, referred to as low risk for developmental disorders was also composed by 22 subjects matched with the subjects in Asperger group by chronological age. All the assessed subjects were right-handed males, with chronological ages between 10 and 30 years and intelligence quotients above 68 according to Wechsler Scale. They completed the following assessment tools: phonological conscience proof, image Peabody vocabulary test, words and pseudo words reading proof, reading comprehension proof, writing proof of dictated words and pseudo words, and the semi-directed text writing proof. RESULTS: the statistical analysis revealed significant statistical differences between the medians obtained for the phonological conscience proof and the means of the image Peabody vocabulary test and the reading comprehension proof in both studied groups (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: for the oral and written language assessments the Asperger Syndrome group was characterized by a worse performance then the one displayed by the group of subjects with a typical development in the phonological conscience proof, Peabody vocabulary test and the reading comprehension proof, indicating handicaps in the phonological, semantic and pragmatic language levels

Similar works

Full text

thumbnail-image

Directory of Open Access Journals

Provided original full text link
oaioai:doaj.org/article:2a4d63d14eef4fdca2aea645a7908da7Last time updated on 12/18/2014

This paper was published in Directory of Open Access Journals.

Having an issue?

Is data on this page outdated, violates copyrights or anything else? Report the problem now and we will take corresponding actions after reviewing your request.