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An unresolved relationship: the relationship between lesion severity and neurogenic bladder in patients with spinal cord injury

By Sevgi Ikbali Afsar, Banu Sarifakioglu, Seniz Akcay Yalbuzdag and Sacide Nur Saracgil Cosar

Abstract

Objectives: We aimed to investigate the relationship between the severity of the spinal lesion and urodynamic findings, bladder drainage method at discharge, and incidence of renal calculi in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). Studydesign: Retrospective. Setting: In-patient rehabilitation unit of a tertiary research hospital. Methods: A total of 131 patients who were admitted to our clinic with a diagnosis of SCI and placed into a rehabilitation program were included in the study. The severity of the lesion was determined according to the American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale (AIS). We evaluated the relationship between the severity of the lesion and the detrusor hyperactivity and compliance as determined by urodynamic investigation, the bladder drainage method used at discharge, and the renal calculi rate as determined by ultrasonography. Results: While no difference was found between the patients with complete and incomplete injuries in terms of age, sex, disease duration, detrusor hyperactivity and compliance, the bladder drainage method was found to show a significant change according to the severity of the lesion. None of the patients were found to have hydronephrosis and the rate of renal calculi showed no statistically significant difference according to the severity of the lesion. Conclusions: We concluded that urodynamic examination is required in each patient with SCI as the severity of the lesion is not sufficient to determine the bladder type, and patients with complete and incomplete injuries should be monitored with the same sensitivity in terms of complications

Topics: Bladder management, Neurogenic bladder, Urodynamic examination, Spinal cord injury
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.1179/2045772315Y.0000000011
OAI identifier: oai:localhost:11727/3961
Provided by: Baskent Universtiy
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