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Geomaterials: their application to environmental remediation

By Nobuo Iyi and Kazuya Morimoto Yujiro Watanabe Kenji Tamura Hirohisa Yamada

Abstract

Geomaterials are materials inspired by geological systems originating from the billion years long history of the Earth. This article reviews three important classes of geomaterials. The first one is smectites—layered silicates with a cation-exchange capacity. Smectites are useful for removing pollutants and as intercalation compounds, catalysts and polymer nanocomposites. The second class is layered double hydroxides (LDHs). They have an anion-exchange capacity and are used as catalysts, catalyst precursors, sorbents and scavengers for halogens. The third class of geomaterials is zeolites—microporous materials with a cation-exchange capacity which are used for removing harmful cations. Zeolite composites with LDHs can absorb ammonium and phosphate ions in rivers and lakes, whereas zeolite/apatite composites can immobilize the radioactive iodine. These geomaterials are essential for environmental remediation

Topics: Materials of engineering and construction. Mechanics of materials, TA401-492, Biotechnology, TP248.13-248.65
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group
Year: 2011
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:2e368562681b4f2caef223a992852113
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