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NK Cells and Type 1 Diabetes

By Melanie Rodacki, Adolpho Milech and José Egídio Paulo de Oliveira

Abstract

Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is characterized by an immuno-mediated progressive destruction of the pancreatic β cells. Due to the ability of NK cells to kill target cells as well as to interact with antigen-presenting and T cells, it has been suggested that they could be involved in one or multiple steps of the immune-mediated attack that leads to T1D. Abnormalities in the frequency and activity of NK cells have been described both in animal models and patients with T1D. Some of these alterations are linked to its onset while others seem to be a consequence of the disease. Here, we discuss the main characteristics of NK cells and review the studies that investigated the role of NK cells in T1D, both in mouse models and humans

Topics: Immunologic diseases. Allergy, RC581-607
Publisher: Hindawi Limited
Year: 2006
DOI identifier: 10.1080/17402520600877182
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:32a90f38719448c69e6a10d86d2d3e0c
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