oaioai:doaj.org/article:3f2c7cda0b0d4f6886ff69577d9c6abb

Chemical and Spectroscopical Characterization of Humic Acids from two South Brazilian Coals of Different Ranks

Abstract

Humic acids (HA) extracted from two coals of different ranks, from their regenerated samples and from a nitrated sample, were characterized by elemental analysis and by infra-red (FTIR), solid state 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and eletronic paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopies. The low rank coal HA presented higher C and lower O contents, higher C/N and lower H/C and O/C ratios than high rank coal HA. NMR results showed that both samples were more aromatic and less carboxylic than common soil HA. Those characteristics may limit the coal HA efficiency as an appropriate soil conditioner and fertilizer. The regeneration process did not produce major alterations in the coal HA, except a decrease of the free radical content as determined by EPR spectroscopy. Probably, the regeneration conditions and time were not adequate to oxidize the samples. The obtained FTIR spectra were much alike, except that from the nitrated sample, where the absorption band at 1533 cm-1 confirms the presence of nitrated groups. The nitration process increased the N content and reduced the C/N ratio to values comparable to those reported for soil HA, but the aromaticity still remained high and the carboxylic content was lowered after the procedure

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oaioai:doaj.org/article:3f2c7cda0b0d4f6886ff69577d9c6abbLast time updated on 12/18/2014

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