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Antifungal prophylaxis in stem cell transplantation centers in Turkey

By Hamdi Akan


Objective: This study aimed to determine the current state of antifungal prophylaxis in Turkish stem cell transplantation (SCT) centers. Materials and Methods: The were 38 active stem cell transplantation centers in Turkey, 28 of which were registered with the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT). Survey questionnaires were sent to the 28 EBMT centers in an effort to collect data on antifungal prophylaxis in different settings. In all, 24 of the centers completed the survey; 1 of the 24 centers was excluded from the study, as it was under construction at the time and was not performing transplantation.Results: In all, 15 (65%) of the 23 centers were adult SCT centers, 7 (31%) were pediatric SCT centers, and 1 center treated both adult and pediatric patients. All centers (23/23) performed both allogeneic and autologous transplants, 20 centers performed non-myeloablative transplants, 8 performed cord blood transplants, and 7 performed unrelated transplants. Primary antifungal prophylaxis was used at all 23 centers during allogeneic transplants, whereas 18 of the 23 centers used it during every autologous transplant and 2 of the 23 centers used it during autologous transplants on a per case basis. The most common drug used for prophylaxis was fluconazole (F) (21/23), followed by itraconazole (I) (3/23), amphotericin-B (2/23), and posaconazole (1/23). Among the 23 centers, 3 reported that for allogenic transplants they changed the antifungal prophylactic in cases of graft versus host disease (GVHD), and 12 of the 23 centers reported that they changed the antifungal prophylactic in case of nearby construction. All 23 centers performed secondary prophylaxis. Conclusion: Antifungal prophylaxis for hematopoetic SCT patients was the standard protocol in the 23 centers included in the study, usually with such azoles as F. The introduction of posaconazole in Turkey and the potential approval of voriconazole for antifungal prophylaxis will eventually alter prophylaxis practice in Turkey, which we plan to assess in the future

Topics: Prophylaxis, antifungal, stem cell transplantation, Internal medicine, RC31-1245, Diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs, RC633-647.5
Publisher: Galenos Yayinevi
Year: 2011
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