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Detection, quantification and genetic variability of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae from apparently healthy and pneumonic swine

By Yaima Burgher Pulgarón, Lucas Miranda Marques, Angélica Cristine de Almeida Campos, Joan Peña Rodriguez, Odaylin Plasencia Márquez, Arianna Duque Ortiz, Evelyn Lobo Rivero and Jorge Timenetsky

Abstract

Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae is the causative agent of the Porcine Enzootic Pneumonia. However, this mycoplasma can be detected in healthy and symptomatic pigs, that difficults the conclusion for the etiology of this disease. In the present study we aimed to detect, quantify and do molecular analyses of M. hyopneumoniae strains in respiratory clinical samples recovered from healthy pigs and from those with pneumonia or other respiratory symptoms. The analytical sensitivity and specificity of PCR assays directed to Mollicutes detection and porcine mycoplasmas identification in clinical samples were evaluated. The identification of M. hyopneumoniae in the samples was performed using different molecular approaches, Multiplex PCR, Real Time PCR and Multilocus Variable-Number Tandem-Repeat amplification. Molecular characterization of the strains was achieved by determining and comparing the VNTR copy number directly in the samples. The highest number of samples positive to M. hyopneumoniae was identified by the multilocus VNTR amplification assay using labeled primers, followed by capillary electrophoresis. The highest concentration of M. hyopneumoniae was detected in pneumonic lungs (2, 3 * 108 genome copies /mL). The VNTR copy number analysis demonstrated that despite the high genetic variability of the M. hyopneumoniae strains, predominant strains in the swine farms could be identified by means of the VNTR copy number analysis of P97R1 and P146R3. (English)Molecular differences among Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae strains present in pneumonic lungs of swine have been largely studied. However, no comparative studies concerning the strains present in apparently healthy pigs have been carried out. This study aimed to detect, quantify and perform molecular analysis of M. hyopneumoniae strains in pig lungs with and without pneumonic lesions. The detection of M. hyopneumoniae was performed using multiplex PCR (YAMAGUTI, 2008), real-time PCR (STRAIT et al., 2008) and multiple VNTR amplification (VRANCKX et al., 2011). Molecular characterization of the strains was achieved by analysis of the VNTR copy number in P97R1, P146R3, H2R1 and H4. M. hyopneumoniae was detected in samples from healthy and pneumonic pigs and the amount of M. hyopneumoniae positive samples detected varied with the type of assay. The greater number of positive samples was identified by the multiple VNTR amplification combined with capillary electrophoresis. Using real-time PCR, 4.9*104 M. hyopneumoniae genome copies/mL was detected in apparently healthy lungs. A mean quantity of 3.9*106 M. hyopneumoniae genome copies/mL was detected in pneumonic lungs. The analysis of VNTR copy number demonstrated a high genetic variability of the M. hyopneumoniae strains present in apparently healthy and pneumonic lungs. Strains having 3 VNTR copy number in P97R1, were detected only in pneumonic lungs and strains having 40 and 43 VNTR copy number in P146R3 were detected only in apparently healthy lungs. Despite the genetic variability of M. hyopneumoniae, predominant strains in the swine farms could be identified.As diferenças moleculares entre as estirpes de Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae presentes em pulmões de suínos com pneumonia tem sido estudadas. Porém, estudos comparativos relativos as estirpes presentes nos suínos aparentemente saudáveis não foram levados a cabo. O objetivo do estudo foi a detecção, quantificação e analise molecular de M. hyopneumoniae nos pulmões suínos com e sem lesões pneumônicas. Para a detecção de M. hyopneumoniae usaramse o PCR Multiplo (YAMAGUTI, 2008), o PCR a Tempo Real (STRAIT et al., 2008) e a amplificação de múltiplo VNTR (VRANCKX et al., 2011). A caracterização molecular das estirpes foi realizada mediante a análise do número de copias de VNTR em P97R1, P146R3, H2R1 e H4. O M. hyopneumoniae foi detectado em amostras de suínos saudáveis e pneumônicos e a quantidade de M. hyopneumoniae nas amostras positivas variou com o tipo de ensaio. O maior número de amostras positivas foi identificado pela amplificação de múltiplas VNTR combinado com a eletroforese de capilares. Usando o PCR a Tempo Real, 4.9*104 copias de genoma/mL de M. hyopneumoniae foram detectadas em pulmões aparentemente saudáveis. Uma quantidade média de 3.9*106 copias de genoma/mL de M. hyopneumoniae foi detectada em pulmões pneumônicos. A análise do número de copias de VNTR demonstrou uma elevada variabilidade

Topics: M. hyopneumoniae, Pneumonia enzoótica, Saudável, Quantificação, VNTR, M. hyopneumoniae, Enzootic pneumonia, Healthy, Quantification, VNTR, M. hyopneumoniae, detection, quantification, VNTR, PCR
Publisher: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia
Year: 2015
OAI identifier: oai:revistas.usp.br:article/89492

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