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Magnetoconductance, Quantum Hall Effect, and Coulomb Blockade in Topological Insulator Nanocones

By Raphael Kozlovsky, Ansgar Graf, Denis Kochan, Klaus Richter and Cosimo Gorini

Abstract

Magnetotransport through cylindrical topological insulator (TI) nanowires is governed by the interplay between quantum confinement and geometric (Aharonov-Bohm and Berry) phases. Here, we argue that the much broader class of TI nanowires with varying radius -- for which a homogeneous coaxial magnetic field induces a varying Aharonov-Bohm flux that gives rise to a non-trivial mass-like potential along the wire -- is accessible by studying its simplest member, a TI nanocone. Such nanocones allow to observe intriguing mesoscopic transport phenomena: While the conductance in a perpendicular magnetic field is quantized due to higher-order topological hinge states, it shows resonant transmission through Dirac Landau levels in a coaxial magnetic field. Furthermore, it may act as a quantum magnetic bottle, confining surface Dirac electrons and leading to Coulomb blockade. We show numerically that the above-mentioned effects occur for experimentally accessible values of system size and magnetic field, suggesting that TI nanocone junctions may serve as building blocks for Dirac electron optics setups

Topics: 530 Physik, ddc:530
Year: 2019
OAI identifier: oai:epub.uni-regensburg.de:41121

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