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Decreased expression of zinc-alpha2-glycoprotein in hepatocellular carcinoma associates with poor prognosis

By Huang Yan, Li Lin-Zi, Zhang Chris, Yi Chun, Liu Li-Li, Zhou Xuan, Xie Guo-Bing, Cai Mu-Yan, Li Yan and Yun Jing-Ping

Abstract

<p>Abstract</p> <p>Background</p> <p>Zinc-alpha2-glycoprotein (AZGP1, ZAG) was recently demonstrated to be an important factor in tumor carcinogenesis. However, AZGP1 expression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its significance remain largely unknown.</p> <p>Methods</p> <p>Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was applied to determine mRNA level of AZGP1 in 20 paired fresh HCC tissues. Clinical and pathological data of 246 HCC patients were collected. Tissue-microarray-based immunohistochemistry (IHC) was performed to examine AZGP1 expression in HCC samples. Relationship between AZGP1 expression and clinicopathological features was analyzed by Chi-square test, Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox proportional hazards regression model.</p> <p>Results</p> <p>AZGP1 expression was significantly lower in 80.0% (16/20) of tumorous tissues than that in the corresponding adjacent nontumorous liver tissues (<it>P</it> < 0.001). Consistently, IHC data revealed that decreased expression of AZGP1 was present in 80.1% (197/246) of HCC patient tissues (<it>P</it> < 0.001). Furthermore, AZGP1 expression in HCC significantly associated with several clinicopathological parameters, including serum AFP level (<it>P</it> = 0.013), liver cirrhosis (<it>P</it> = 0.002) and tumor differentiation (<it>P</it> = 0.025). Moreover, HCC patients with high AZGP1 expression survived longer, with better overall survival (<it>P</it> = 0.006) and disease-free survival (<it>P</it> = 0.025). In addition, low AZGP1 expression associated with worse relapse-free survival (<it>P</it> = 0.046) and distant metastatic progression-free survival (<it>P</it> = 0.036).</p> <p>Conclusion</p> <p>AZGP1 was downregulated in HCC and could be served as a promising prognostic marker for HCC patients.</p

Topics: AZGP1, Hepatocellular carcinoma, Prognosis, Recurrence, Metastasis, Medicine, R
Publisher: BMC
Year: 2012
DOI identifier: 10.1186/1479-5876-10-106
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:55e5a97a34414ef4b59be48df3e72800
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