Interpreting Force Concept Inventory Scores: NormalizedGain and SAT Scores


Preinstruction SAT scores and normalized gains (G) on the force concept inventory (FCI) were examined for individual students in interactive engagement (IE) courses in introductory mechanics at one high school (N=335) and one university (N=292), and strong, positive correlations were found for both populations (r=0.57 and r=0.46, respectively). These correlations are likely due to the importance of cognitive skills and abstract reasoning in learning physics. The larger correlation coefficient for the high school population may be a result of the much shorter time interval between taking the SAT and studying mechanics, because the SAT may provide a more current measure of abilities when high school students begin the study of mechanics than it does for college students, who begin mechanics years after the test is taken. In prior research a strong correlation between FCI G and scores on Lawson\u27s Classroom Test of Scientific Reasoning for students from the same two schools was observed. Our results suggest that, when interpreting class average normalized FCI gains and comparing different classes, it is important to take into account the variation of students\u27 cognitive skills, as measured either by the SAT or by Lawson\u27s test. While Lawson\u27s test is not commonly given to students in most introductory mechanics courses, SAT scores provide a readily available alternative means of taking account of students\u27 reasoning abilities. Knowing the students\u27 cognitive level before instruction also allows one to alter instruction or to use an intervention designed to improve students\u27 cognitive level

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Loyola Marymount University

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oaioai:digitalcommons.lmu.edu:phys_fac-1028Last time updated on 12/14/2019View original full text link

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