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A novel flow battery: a lead acid battery based on an electrolyte with soluble lead(II): Part VII. Further studies of the lead dioxide positive electrode

By Xiaohong Li, Derek Pletcher and Frank C. Walsh

Abstract

Extensive cycling of the soluble lead flow battery has revealed unexpected problems with the reduction of lead dioxide at the positive electrode during discharge. This has led to a more detailed study of the PbO2/Pb2+ couple in methanesulfonic acid. The variation of the phase composition (XRD) and deposit structure (SEM) have been defined as a function of current density, Pb2+ andH+ concentrations, deposition charge and temperature aswell as the consequences of charge cycling. Pure-PbO2, pure-PbO2 and their mixtures can be deposited from methanesulfonic acid media. The -phase deposits as a more compact, smoother layer, which iswell suited to charge cycling. While the anodic deposition of thick layers of PbO2 is straightforward, their reduction is not; the complexities are explained by an increase in pH within the pores of the deposit. The results suggest that operating the battery at lead(II) concentrations <0.3M and elevated temperatures should be avoided

Topics: TP, TK, QD
Year: 2009
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.soton.ac.uk:66547
Provided by: e-Prints Soton
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