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Low on Trust and High on Risks: Is Sidechain a Good Solution to Bitcoin Problems?

By Jamal Bouoiyour, Refk Selmi and Olivier Hueber

Abstract

Over the past few years, cryptocurrencies (especially Bitcoin) have attracted a particular attention. As the number of transactions increase, these systems tend to become slower, expensive, and unsustainable for a use-case such as payment. In this way, the Bitcoin sidechain seeks to provide prompt and confidential transactions between major trading platforms. Although poor performance and high volatility can push potential users away from Bitcoin, this study reveals that the introduction of sidechain solves some of the problems Bitcoin is facing. Using relatively new techniques, we find that the implementation of sidechain reduces Bitcoin price volatility, rises its efficiency, and enhances its usefulness as a transaction tool and a diversifier. We explain these changes in Bitcoin characteristics by the sidechain"s capacity to speed up the circulation of money by shortening block validation times and to an improvement in the scalability of Proof of Work and Bitcoin payment services. Our results also indicate that the sidechain liquid network lead to a less energy-consuming and in turn to less polluting Bitcoin system. But a weakly vanishing causality between Bitcoin mining and Bitcoin energy consumption implies that the concentration of miners is still follow available electrical supply

Topics: Efficiency, Volatility, Bitcoin, Risk management, Energy use, Sidechain, [SHS.ECO]Humanities and Social Sciences/Economics and Finance
Publisher: HAL CCSD
Year: 2019
OAI identifier: oai:HAL:hal-02348406v1

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