oaioai:doaj.org/article:c40a895accc14f139e858193940802e6

Excesso de peso em adultos do Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil: magnitude e fatores associados Overweight among adults in Pernambuco State, Brazil: prevalence and associated factors

Abstract

Com o objetivo de avaliar a magnitude do excesso de peso e fatores associados em adultos do Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil, foi realizado estudo transversal, de base populacional, em 2006, envolvendo 1.580 adultos, na faixa etária de 25-59 anos. O excesso de peso foi determinado pelo índice de massa corporal > 25kg/m². O modelo conceitual considerou variáveis socioeconômicas/demográficas, reprodutivas e comportamentais. A prevalência de excesso de peso foi de 51,1% (IC95%: 48,6-53,6). A análise multivariada mostrou que o excesso de peso foi maior a partir de 40 anos (RP = 1,27; IC95%: 1,10-1,46), em mulheres (RP = 1,29; IC95%: 1,16-1,43), em ex-fumantes (RP = 1,42; IC95%: 1,20-1,69), em indivíduos com maior renda (RP = 1,49; IC95%: 1,30-1,71) e em mulheres com primeira gestação com idade In order to evaluate the prevalence of overweight and associated factors in Pernambuco State, Brazil, a cross-sectional population-based study was conducted in 2006, including 1,580 adults 25 to 59 years of age. Overweight was defined as body mass index > 25kg/m2. The conceptual model included demographic, socioeconomic, reproductive, and behavioral variables. Prevalence of overweight was 51.1% (95%CI: 48.6-53.6) and was statistically associated with age over 40 years (PR = 1.27; 95%CI: 1.10-1.46), female gender (PR = 1.29; 95%CI: 1.16-1.43), former smoking (PR = 1.42; 95%CI: 1.20-1.69), higher income (PR = 1.49; 95%CI: 1.30-1.71), and history of early pregnancy (< 18 years) (PR = 1.25; 95%CI: 1.11-1.66). There was no association with alcohol consumption, level of physical activity, or specific foods. The high prevalence of overweight is consistent with epidemic levels of this problem elsewhere in world, and the association with several factors supports its multifactor etiology

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oaioai:doaj.org/article:c40a895accc14f139e858193940802e6Last time updated on 12/17/2014

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