oaioai:doaj.org/article:cc540b7fb0d04c90908abc5287b4dbab

Mutations in the E2-PePHD region of hepatitis C virus genotype-3a and correlation with response to interferon and ribavirin combination therapy in Pakistani patients

Abstract

Abstract Hepatitis C is a major health problem affecting more than 200 million individuals in the world. Current treatment regimen consisting of interferon alpha and ribavirin does not always succeed in eliminating the virus completely from patient's body. One of the mechanisms by which virus evades the antiviral effect of interferon alpha involves protein kinase (PKR) eukaryotic initiation factor 2 alpha (eIF2a) phosphorylation homology domain (PePHD). This domain in genotype 1 strains is reportedly homologous to PKR and its target eIF2a. By binding to PKR, PePHD inhibits its activity and therefore cause virus to evade antiviral activity of interferon (IFN). Many studies have correlated substitutions in this domain to the treatment response and lead to inconclusive results. Some studies suggested that substitutions favor response while others emphasized that no correlation exists. In the present study we therefore compared sequences of PePHD domain of thirty one variants of six hepatitis C virus patients of genotype 3. Three of our HCV 3a infected patients showed rapid virological response to interferon alpha and ribavirin combination therapy whereas the remaining three had breakthrough to the same combination therapy. It is found that PePHD domain is not entirely conserved and has substitutions in some isolates irrespective of the treatment response. However substitution of glutamine (Q) with Leucine (L) in one of the breakthrough responders made it more identical to HCV genotype 1a. These substitutions in the breakthrough responders also tended to increase average hydrophilic activity thus making binding of PePHD to PKR and inhibition of PKR more favorable.</p

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oaioai:doaj.org/article:cc540b7fb0d04c90908abc5287b4dbabLast time updated on 12/17/2014

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