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Epidemiology and costs of hospital care for COPD in Puglia

By Moretti Anna, Tafuri Silvio, Parisi Davide and Germinario Cinzia

Abstract

<p>Abstract</p> <p>Background and aims</p> <p>Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is currently the 5<sup>th </sup>cause of morbidity and mortality in the developed world and represents a substantial economic and social burden. The aim of this study is to report on hospital admissions and related costs of hospital treatment for COPD in the Puglia Region of Italy in the years 2005-2007.</p> <p>Materials and methods</p> <p>Patients were selected who were hospitalized between 01/01/2005 and 31/12/2007 with ICD-9-CM code: 490.xx: bronchitis not specified as acute or chronic; 491.xx: chronic bronchitis; 492.xx: emphysema; 493.xx: asthma; 494.xx: bronchiectasis; 496.xx: chronic airway obstruction not elsewhere classified; 518.81: acute respiratory failure as principal or secondary diagnosis.</p> <p>Results</p> <p>In the period 2005-2007, there were 73,721 hospital admissions for COPD registered in Puglia (25,690 in 2005; 24,153 in 2006 and 23,878 in 2007) of which 34.3% were women, with no significant variation in the three years. There appears to be a negative trend in hospitalisations in Puglia for chronic bronchitis with ratios decreasing from 359.4 per 100,000 population in 2005 to 307.9 per 100,000 in 2007. The overall cost of COPD for Apulian hospital trusts was €272,293,182.85 over the 3-year period.</p> <p>Conclusions</p> <p>Analysis of the data for hospital care, its costs and performance may be an important indicator of the efficacy of community care. In particular, the lack of reduction in admissions for COPD should lead decision makers to question both the appropriateness and quality of the care given.</p

Topics: COPD, epidemiology, health information systems, primary care, Diseases of the respiratory system, RC705-779
Publisher: BMC
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1186/2049-6958-6-5-299
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:f9b4b74f47eb47d28065a6611c3314d8
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