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EVOLUTION OF PROTO-NEUTRON STARS WITH KAON CONDENSATES

By J A Pons, A W Steiner, M Prakash and J M Lattimer

Abstract

Neutrino fluxes from proto-neutron stars with and without quarks are studied. Observable differences become apparent after 10--20 s of evolution. Sufficiently massive stars containing negatively-charged, strongly interacting, particles collapse to black holes during the first minute of evolution. Since the neutrino flux vanishes when a black hole forms, this is the most obvious signal that quarks (or other types of strange matter) have appeared. The metastability timescales for stars with quarks are intermediate between those containing hyperons and kaon condensates

Topics: Astrophysics and Astronomy
Year: 2001
OAI identifier: oai:cds.cern.ch:485726
Provided by: CERN Document Server
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