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The variational principle for dust shells

By V D Gladush

Abstract

Variational principles for thin dust shells are considered in Newtonian theory of gravity, and for charged shells in Special Relativity. We propose the variational principle for thin massive dust shells in General Relativity and study the results following from it. The configuration, being considered, can be thought of as the two vacuum regions with the dust shell as the boundary surface between them. The full action of the system we take as the sum of actions in the form of the York-Gibbons-Hawking type for both regions and of the boundary term containing the action of the dust matter and of the corresponding matching surface term. The variational principle is compatible with the boundary-value problem of the Euler-Lagrange equations for either regions of the configuration, and leads to "natural boundary conditions" on the shell. These conditions can be considered as the constraints, and, together with the gravitational field equations, are used for elimination of the gravitational degrees of freedom. The full reduction of the action are performed here for spherically-symmetric systems. By transforming the variational formula it is shown that the obtained action with constraints is equivalent to the two variants of the effective action without constraints for a particle with self-action moving in the external gravitational field. One of these variants describes the shell from the interior resting observer's point of view, another from the exterior one. The conditions of isometry of the exterior and interior sides of the shell lead to the Hamiltonian constraints

Topics: General Relativity and Cosmology
Publisher: 'AIP Publishing'
Year: 2000
DOI identifier: 10.1063/1.1369123
OAI identifier: oai:cds.cern.ch:423978
Provided by: CERN Document Server

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