We present a numerical study of stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers based on a full modal analysis of the acoustic and optical properties. The computation of each acoustic mode supported by the fiber structure allows us an accurate and detailed investigation of the characteristics of the Brillouin gain spectrum. We focus our attention on the contribution of the higher-order acoustic modes which are sometimes ignored because of computational issues in particular on optical fibers that act as acoustic antiwaveguides. Our analysis clearly highlights their role and their dependence on the physical and geometrical structure of the fiber
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