Theophylline granule formulation prepared by the wet granulation method: Comparison of in vitro dissolution profiles and estimation of in vivo plasma concentrations


PubMed ID: 17315541The primary and secondary objectives of this study were to develop and evaluate the predictability of in vitro-in vivo correlation models for theophylline sustained release (SR) granules. Theophylline SR granules meeting the USP Drug Release Test criteria were prepared using ethyl cellulose (EC) and/or stearyl alcohol (SA) and the wet granulation method. In vitro dissolution studies of granule formulation were performed, and a commercial dosage form was prepared using USP XXIII apparatus II at pH 4.5. Differences and similarities between in vitro dissolution curves were compared using both model-dependent (t-test) and - independent (f 1 , f 2 test) statistical techniques, and it was shown that the three dissolution profiles i.e model-dependent, model-independent, and methods based on ANOVA were very similar. The in vivo performance of the commercial dosage form was tested by oral route using male rabbits and in vitro-in vivo correlations were established. This study indicates that the dosage forms with similar in vitro dissolution profiles may have a similar in vivo performance, and that this performance could be estimated using appropriate correlation equations

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This paper was published in Ege University Institutional Repository.

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