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Religiosity as self-enhancement: a meta-analysis of the relation between socially desirable responding and religiosity

By Constantine Sedikides and Jochen E. Gebauer

Abstract

In a meta-analysis, the authors test the theoretical formulation that religiosity is a means for self-enhancement. <br/><br/>The authors operationalized self-enhancement as socially desirable responding (SDR) and focused on three facets of religiosity: intrinsic,extrinsic, and religion-as-quest. <br/><br/>Importantly, they assessed two moderators of the relation between SDR and religiosity. <br/><br/>Macrolevel culture reflected countries that varied in degree of religiosity (from high to low: United States, Canada, United Kingdom). Micro-level culture reflected U.S. universities high (christian) versus low (secular) on religiosity. <br/><br/>The results were generally consistent with the theoretical formulation. Both macro-level and micro-level culture moderated the relation between SDR and religiosity: This relation was more positive in samples that placed higher value on religiosity (United States &gt; Canada &gt;<br/>United Kingdom; christian universities &gt; secular universities). <br/><br/>The evidence suggests that religiosity is partly in the service of self-enhancement

Topics: B1
Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.soton.ac.uk:142841
Provided by: e-Prints Soton

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