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Coherent X-ray Diffraction Imaging of Nanostructures

By Ivan A. Vartanyants and Oleksandr M. Yefanov


We present here an overview of Coherent X-ray Diffraction Imaging (CXDI) with its application to nanostructures. This imaging approach has become especially important recently due to advent of X-ray Free-Electron Lasers (XFEL) and its applications to the fast developing technique of serial X-ray crystallography. We start with the basic description of coherent scattering on the finite size crystals. The difference between conventional crystallography applied to large samples and coherent scattering on the finite size samples is outlined. The formalism of coherent scattering from a finite size crystal with a strain field is considered. Partially coherent illumination of a crystalline sample is developed. Recent experimental examples demonstrating applications of CXDI to the study of crystalline structures on the nanoscale, including experiments at FELs, are also presented.Comment: 51 pages, 14 figures, 99 references, this is a review Chapter for a book: X-Ray Diffraction: Modern Experimental Techniques, edited by O.H. Seeck and B.M. Murph

Topics: Condensed Matter - Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics, Condensed Matter - Materials Science
Year: 2013
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