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Expression and purification of the transmembrane domain of fukutin-I for biophysical studies

By P. Marius, J. N. Wright, I.S. Findlow and P.T.F. Williamson

Abstract

Fukutin-I is a member of a family of putative O-linked glycosyltransferases linked to the glycosylation of the dystrophin complex. Mutations in this family of proteins have been linked to a number of congenital muscular dystrophies that arise from the hypoglycosylation of a-dystroglycan. Critical to the function of Fukutin and other members of this family is their localisation within the cell, which has been shown to depend critically on the interactions between the N-terminal transmembrane domain of these proteins and the lipid bilayer within the ER/Golgi. <br/><br/>To investigate how the interactions between the N-terminal transmembrane domain and the lipid bilayer regulate the localisation of Fukutin-I, we have developed an efficient expression and purification protocol in Escherichia coli to allow biophysical studies to be per- formed. Expressing the N-terminal domain of Fukutin-1 fused to a His6 tag resulted in the localisation of the protein to the bacterial membrane. A purification strategy has been developed to isolate the highly hydrophobic transmembrane domain of Fukutin-1 from the membrane with yields of approximately 4 mg per litre of minimal media. <br/><br/>Preliminary biophysical analyses have confirmed the identity of the pep- tide and revealed that in hydrophobic solvents mimicking the bilayer, the peptide adopts a well-struc- tured a-helix as predicted from the sequence

Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.soton.ac.uk:154373
Provided by: e-Prints Soton
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