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Assessing the Viability of the EQ-5D as Part of a Battery of Outcomes in Elderly Total Knee Arthroplasty Patients: A Comparison of Generic, Condition-Specific, and Preference-Based Patient-Reported Outcome Measures

By Jessica Davis, Judith V Lane, Deborah MacDonald and Colin Howie

Abstract

Background\ud In the current economic climate it has become increasingly important to evaluate the effectiveness of expensive procedures such as total knee arthroplasties (TKAs). Patient-reported outcome measures, such as generic and condition-specific profile measures, are popular ways of determining outcomes. However, these cannot be used reliably for the purpose of economic evaluations. The EQ-5D, designed for cost-utility analysis, could offer potential advantages to outcome measurement; however, little is known about the viability and performance of this measure in more elderly ( 75 years) patient cohorts.\ud \ud \ud Aims\ud The aim of this study was to assess the viability of the EQ-5D for use in the evaluation of TKA and to provide justification for its continued inclusion in the clinical audit of patients undergoing arthroplasty in a large general hospital. \ud \ud \ud Methods\ud Seven-hundred and seventy-nine consecutive patients undergoing TKA participated in this study. Self-report audit questionnaire booklets were administered at baseline (during a pre-admission clinic appointment) and six months post-operatively (postally). Booklets comprised of the Oxford Knee Scale (OKS;), 12-dimension Short Form (SF-12;), and the EQ-5D (). \ud \ud Results\ud Two-hundred and forty-six subjects completed both the baseline and follow-up audit surveys. Correlations were strongest between the EQ-5D and OKS instruments (baseline: Tb=-0.58; p0.01; follow-up: Tb=-0.41; p0.01),.. The EQ-5D displayed large effect sizes (d=0.94) and was able to detect clinically important HRQoL improvements (ROC P-value=0.65; CI0.08; p0.001), discriminate those patients who were experiencing poorer pre-operative health (p0.001), and detect those who deteriorated post-operatively (p0.001). Adequate reliability (Cronbach’s =0.79) of the EQ-5D instrument was seen post-operatively as well.\ud \ud \ud Conclusions \ud Results from this study reveal that the EQ-5D instrument shows good responsiveness to health changes in elderly TKA patients post-operatively. Its correlations with the OKS, detection of poorer pre-operative health, and detection of deterioration post-operatively also suggest good validity for the EQ-5D in this cohort. Finally, the relatively large reliability statistic post-operatively supports the use of the EQ-5D in audits. Together, these findings support the continued use of the EQ-5D instrument in future arthroplasty audits and provide evidence that it is viable for the use in cost-utility analysis

OAI identifier: oai:eresearch.qmu.ac.uk:2424
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