Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Effects of the restriction of hand gestures on disfluency.

By Sheena Finlayson, Victoria Forrest, Robin Lickley and Janet M Beck

Abstract

This paper describes an experimental pilot study of disfluency and gesture rates in spontaneous speech where speakers perform a communication task in three conditions: hands free, one arm immobilized, both arms immobilized. Previous work suggests that the restriction of the ability to gesture can have an impact on the fluency of speech. In particular, it has been found that the inability to produce iconic gestures, which depict actions and objects, results in a higher rate of disfluency. Models of speech production account for this by suggesting that gesture and speech production are part of the same integrated system. Such models differ in their interpretation of the location of the gesture planning mechanism in relation to the speech model: some authors suggest that iconic gestures relate closely to lexical access, while others suggest that the link is located around the conceptualization stage. The findings of this study tentatively confirm that there is a relationship between gesture and fluency - overall, disfluency increases as gesture is restricted. But it remains unclear whether the disfluency is more related to lexical access than to conceptualization. Proposals for a larger study are suggested. The work is of interest to psycholinguists focusing on the integration of gesture into models of speech production and to Speech and Language Therapists who need to know about the impact that an impaired ability to produce gestures may have on communication

Publisher: University of Gothenburg, Department of Linguistics, Göteborg, SUEDE (1970) (Revue)
Year: 2003
OAI identifier: oai:eresearch.qmu.ac.uk:2180
Download PDF:
Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s):
  • http://eresearch.qmu.ac.uk/218... (external link)
  • http://www.isca-speech.org/arc... (external link)
  • Suggested articles

    Citations

    1. (1982). Conceptual Representations in Language Activity and Gesture. In:
    2. (1994). Do Gestures Communicate? A Review. doi
    3. (1996). Effects of a Metronome on the Filled Pauses of Fluent Speakers. doi
    4. (2001). Gesture as an Indicator of Early Error Detection in Self-Monitoring of Speech.
    5. (2000). Gesture Production during Stuttered Speech: Insights into the Nature of Gesture–Speech Integration. In: doi
    6. (1989). Gesture, Speech and Computational Stages: A reply to McNeill. doi
    7. (1996). Gesture, Speech and Lexical Access: The Role of Lexical Movements in Speech Production. doi
    8. (1992). Hand and Mind: What Gestures Reveal about Thought. Chicago: doi
    9. (2000). How Representational Gestures Help Speaking. In: doi
    10. (2000). Lexical Gestures and Lexical Access: a Process Model. In doi
    11. (1973). Manual Activity during Speaking – II. doi
    12. (1989). Speaking. From Intention to Articulation. doi
    13. (1976). The Effects of Elimination of Hand Gesture and of Verbal Codability on Speech Performance. doi
    14. (1939). The Historical Background of the Modern Speech Clinic. doi
    15. (2000). The Production of Gesture and Speech. In: doi
    16. (1998). Why do we Gesture when we Speak? doi

    To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.