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Shock formation and non-linear dispersion in a microvascular capillary network

By S.R. Pop, Giles Richardson, S.L. Waters and O.E. Jensen

Abstract

Temporal and spatial fluctuations are a common feature of blood flow in microvascular networks. Among many possible causes, previous authors have suggested that the non-linear rheological properties of capillary blood flow (notably the Fåhræus effect, the Fåhræus–Lindqvist effect and the phase-separation effect at bifurcations) may be sufficient to generate temporal fluctuations even in very simple networks. We have simulated blood flow driven by a fixed pressure drop through a simple arcade network using coupled hyperbolic partial differential equations (PDEs) that incorporate well-established empirical descriptions of these rheological effects, accounting in particular for spatially varying haematocrit distributions; we solved the PDE system using a characteristic-based method. Our computations indicate that, under physiologically realistic conditions, there is a unique steady flow in an arcade network which is linearly stable and that plasma skimming suppresses the oscillatory decay of perturbations. In addition, we find that non-linear perturbations to haematocrit distributions can develop shocks via the Fåhræus effect, providing a novel mechanism for non-linear dispersion in microvascular networks. <br/><br/

Year: 2007
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.soton.ac.uk:156343
Provided by: e-Prints Soton

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