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Summary During the 2012–13 season, A(H1N1)pdm09, A(H3N2) and B/Victoria- and B/Yamagata-lineage influenza viruses have been detected in ECDC-affiliated countries. The relative prevalence varied between countries.



Type A and type B viruses have continued to co-circulate in similar proportions. A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses have been detected at comparable levels to A(H3N2) viruses. A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses continued to show genetic drift from the vaccine virus, A/California/07/2009, but the vast majority remained antigenically similar to it. The vast majority of A(H3N2) viruses have been antigenically and genetically similar to cell-propagated A/Victoria/361/2011, the prototype vaccine virus for the 2012–13 influenza season. Viruses of the B/Yamagata lineage predominated over those of the B/Victoria lineage. B/Victoria lineage viruses were antigenically similar to cell-propagated reference viruses of the B/Brisbane/60/2008 genetic clade. Recent B/Yamagata-lineage viruses fell into two antigenically distinguishable genetic clades: clade 2, represented by B/Estonia/55669/2012, and clade 3, represented by B/Wisconsin/1/2010 (the recommended vaccine component for the 2012–13 influenza season)

Year: 2012
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