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Pedestrian Accidents: A 15Y~r Surveyfrom the United States and Western Europe

By M. Choueiri, Ruediger Lamm, Georges M. Choueiri and Bernard M. Choueiri

Abstract

he incidence of pedestrian-vehicle accidents in the mostly industrialized countries of the world is alarming, and the pedestrian safety situation deserves the attention of both elected officials and citizens on a nationwide basis.l Pedestrian collisions are predominantly an urban phenomenon. Five out of six injuries to pedestrians and two out of three deaths occur in urban areas. However, for pedestrian collisions in rural areas, the ratio of deaths to injuries is about three times as high as in urban areas, reflecting the generally higher impact speeds in rural areas.”2 One-fifth of all fatal adult-pedestrian collisions occur at intersections. Among children pedestrians, nearly 80 percent are killed are in the roadway but not at intersections.’” Among all categories of people injured by motor vehicles, pedestrians have the highest ratio of deaths to injuries. Studies show that the number of deaths per 1,000 police-reported injuries for pedestrians is about double that for motorcyclists and more than four times that for motor vehicle occupants.’ Vehicle size and design are major factors in pedestrian injuries. In Great Britain, for example, the death rate among pedestrians struck by various types of vehicles was found to range from four per 1,000 struck by bicycles to 106 per 1,000 struck by heavy trucks. Of people struck by passenger cars, 31 per 1,000 were killed.4 Objectives This study, which is concerned with pedestrian fatalities in the United State

Year: 2014
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.417.3277
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