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mitochondrial function during yeast aging �

By Paul A. Kirchman, Michael V. Miceli, Roger L. West and James C. Jiang


The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has a finite replicative life span. Yeasts possess two prohibitins, Phb1p and Phb2p, in similarity to mammalian cells. These proteins are located in the inner mitochondrial membrane, where they are involved in the processing of newly-synthesized membrane proteins. We demonstrate that the elimination of one or both of the prohibitin genes in yeast markedly diminished the replicative life span of cells that lack fully-functional mitochondria, while having no effect on cells with functioning mitochondria. This deleterious effect was suppressed by the deletion of the RAS2 gene. The expression of PHB1 and PHB2 declined gradually up to 5-fold during the life span. Cells in which PHB1 was deleted in conjunction with the absence of a mitochondrial genome displayed remarkable changes in mitochondrial morphology, distribution, and inheritance. This loss of mitochondrial integrity was not seen in cells devoid of PHB1 but possessing an intact mitochondrial genome. In a subset of the cells, the changes in mitochondrial integrity were associated with increased production of reactive oxygen species, which co-localized with the altered mitochondria. The mitochondrial deficits describe

Year: 2014
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