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Trends in Biodiesel Production by Using Jatropha Curcas Oil

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Abstract

Abstract-- The scarcity of fuel and rapid increase in the price of fuel has become a cornerstone in the development of many countries. There has been an enormous increase in the demand for energy globally in recent years as a result of industrial development and population growth. To overcome the problem of fuel scarce and rapid increase in fuel cost, there is a need to replace fuels with some alternates that could provide energy without creating any pollution. Hence to meet the demand of present situation and to reduce large amount of air pollution due to large number of automobiles, improvements have been made by using biodiesel blend 22 i.e. (purified jatropha seed oil 22 % by volume and diesel 78 % by volume mixture) for diesel engines, and the results obtained were good due to significant environmental and economical benefits. The jatropha oil thus obtained has higher value of specific gravity, carbon residue, cetane number lesser sulphur content and lesser pour point in comparison to standard diesel with almost equivalent calorific value. Jatropha is resistant to drought and pests and produces seeds containing 30-40 % oil.All these qualities make it best replacement for standard diesel. It is an alternative fuel and provides a domestic renewable energy supply

Topics: oil, Jatropha, Fuels
Year: 2014
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.413.6175
Provided by: CiteSeerX
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