Sciences stated “an urgent need for the scientific community to provide guidance to both investigators and regulators in evaluating planned introductions of modified organisms from an ecological perspective ” (39). This chapter incorporates such a perspective and focuses on a number of ecological issues relevant to the planned introduction of genetically engineered organisms into the environment. The major concern associated with planned introductions stems from the potential for problematic ecological effects that are unintended or unforeseen. With appropriate regulatory oversight, such effects are unlikely to follow from any planned introductions in the near future. If the
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