bY This paper surveys research in linguistic methods for describing and processing pictures. The rationale for a linguistic approach to picture processing is first reviewed. A general linguistic picture processing model is then presented as a basis for discussion in the-survey; the central idea within the model is that of a formalism for picture description. A number of research efforts are described in terms of their accomplishments, limitations, and potential usefulness. While experimental in nature, the surveyed works provide evidence that complex richly-structured pictures can be successfully processed using linguistic methods. Several common characteristics and directions for future research are indicated i.n the concluding section
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