PAGE 328 Timing Differences in St’át’imcets Glottalised Resonants: Linguistic or Bio-mechanical?

Abstract

In this paper we explore articulatory timing in the glottalised resonant series of St’át’imcets, an Interior Salish language spoken in British Columbia, Canada. We show that while these sounds form a natural class phonologically (van Eijk, 1997), they behave as two distinct classes phonetically: [-sonorant] segments /Œ ¶ / are systematically pre-glottalised. In contrast, [+sonorant] segments / „ ™ ’ j ’ ª / are post-glottalised word-finally, and intervocalically glottalisation overlaps with the oral articulation. We propose that articulatory timing in complex segments in subject not only to positional effects (Gick, 2003; Krakow, 1993; Silverman, 1995; Steriade, 1997), but also consonantal effects. We further propose that these effects are due to articulatory and biomechanical restrictions on speech, and need not be linguistically encoded. 1

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